Bulgarian national identity is evolved from the comprehension that, the Bulgarian nation was developed with a distinct ethnic identity right from the Middle Ages. This identity, preserved throughout the Ottoman rule, formed the basis for an independent nation state. The history of this struggle for a Bulgarian state provides key symbols of their national identity. Another premise is the overlapping of the ethnic and territorial boundaries. This has at times lead to territorial conflicts with neighboring states. Moreover, this renders the ambivalent traits of the minorities, since they do not share the same ethnic and historical ties with the Bulgarian lands and state.
Urbanization and Architecture in Bulgaria
Till the end of World War II, the Bulgarian economy survived majorly on agriculture. The states socialism brought rapid industrialization, leading significant share of the population to shift to the towns and cities. Architectures quiet similar to the soviet styles where prominent in the cities and towns. This includes concrete apartment buildings and industrial developments with traditionally styled homes and apartment buildings within the urban area limits. Educational and administrative facilities are spread across the major cities in Bulgaria. Streets are wide, and often cobbled, with public parks, gardens, and playgrounds all around the town vicinity. Economic collapse in the 1990s has adversely affected the infrastructure and the maintenance of public spaces in Bulgaria. Traditional houses in villages and towns serves the real traditional architecture styles with woods surrounded by high fences and latticed windows.Interiors often include carved wooden ceilings. Dwellings whether apartments or traditional houses, are very much private spaces,with interiors hidden from public view and often decorated in highly individual manners.Churches are prominent,many dating from the National Revival,and many Revival era cultural centers are preserved. Many mosques were destroyed following liberation and also during the state socialist period. Mosque restoration and rebuilding began after 1989 in major Muslim areas in Bulgaria.
During the state socialist period, elite status highly depended on the maintenance of right relationships and entailed privileges of access to better housing, best schooling, scarce commodities, and travelling to foreign destinations. Following the fall of state socialism, this status began to be measured more in terms of monetary wealth, all the while the gap between the rich and the ordinary citizens kept on growing. Despite a general aversion to it, conspicuous consumption by the elite has become considerably more visible in the form of imposing dwellings and imported luxury goods and motor vehicles.Many women entered paid employment during the socialist era, while an ideology of gender equality was promoted, and they contributed nearly half the workforce in the late twentieth century. Women in Bulgaria are frequently employed as teachers, nurses, pharmacists, sales clerks, and laborers and less often involved in management, administration, and technical sciences. Women are also largely responsible for household tasks like child care, cooking, cleaning, and shopping. Agricultural labor is divided according to the gender, with men working along with animals and machinery, while women doing more hand labor in crop production. But there is a scope for lot of flexibility these days in Bulgaria.
The constitution of Bulgaria in the year 1991, established a parliamentary republic, which provides for a multiparty parliamentary system and free elections with universal adult suffrage. Bulgaria chief of state is an elected president, and the head of government is a prime minister selected by the largest parliamentary group. To enter the National Assembly, parties and electoral coalitions must receive at least 4 percent of the popular vote